The Berlin Wall Essay examples
1530 Words7 Pages
Hitler committed suicide in 1945, swiftly making an end to any resistance against the Allied powers in World War II. The Axis powers soon surrendered and negotiations began over the fate of Europe. Germany took the blame for most of the wartime tragedy, but even with their varying agendas, the Allied powers were hesitant to act harshly against the Germans. They feared an uprising of retaliation such as the Third Reich regime that had begun the workings for World War II. With this in mind, Great Britain, France, the United States, and Soviet Russia started the process of recreating Germany (www.history.com). Following much deliberation, the country was divided into four sectors among the main Allied powers, as well as the capitol city of…show more content…
Leaders in East Germany had to make a move soon because from 1949 to 1961 almost 2.5 million East Germans fled to West Germany.
The Berlin Wall was a desperate move, put in play by the communist controlled East Germans. The Volkskammer, or “People’s Chamber” discussed the rapidly declining economy among other major concerns of their quickly deflating sector. With less people in the workforce, there was nowhere for their struggling economy to grow. They passed a decree to start construction on the wall August 12, 1961. As the initial process began, the structure was no more than barbed wire and cinder blocks, but it would keep the disgruntled East Germans from crossing into democratically controlled West Germany. It was also designed to act as a political barrier, blocking the other former Allied powers from intervening. Though the wall began as not much to look at, it was an imposing threat from the start of construction. Barbed wire and cinder blocks were soon replaced and built over, and the construction crews created 15-foot concrete walls, laced with barbed wire, watchtowers, gun emplacements, and mines. By the 1980’s the Berlin Wall was an impressive and oppressive system of walls, electrified fences, and fortifications that ran 28 miles through Berlin and extended 75 miles around West Berlin to maintain the separation (“Berlin Wall”).
Shortly after the wall was put into place, it was clear to all outside countries involved that Germany couldn’t continue to
The Berlin Wall Essay example
1532 Words7 Pages
For thirty years, an iron curtain lay across Germany. This iron curtain was called the Berlin Wall, and it represented the divide between East and West Germany. It also represented the loss of East Germany’s freedom and democracy. The Berlin Wall separated families and friends. This resulted in children growing up without a father and wives losing all communication with their husbands. The Berlin Wall poorly affected many people and businesses, and caused an ugly dent in Germany’s history.
After World War Two ended, Germany was in a horrible state. America would fly in all kinds of supplies on an average of one plane every three minutes (Levy 11). America, Great Britain, and France created three zones with democratic governments in…show more content…
In response to this, the side of Germany under control of the Soviet Union became the German Republic of Germany, also known as West Germany. This was one of the first steps that would divide Germany for almost 30 years.
The German Communist Party began restricting East German's ability to travel to the West in 1949 (Levy 13). Germany's Eastern government installed barbed wire and minefields fields along the border of East and West Germany. However, Eastern Germans' still found a way to escape to the western side of Germany. The most popular way of escape was known as the five-cent subway ride to freedom. There was a subway system in Berlin that linked it's Eastern and Western sides together. For five cents, eastern Germans' would take the train from East Germany to West Germany. Then that person would slip through the border or take a plane or bus out. According to Debbie Levy, during the first six months of 1961, 160,000 Germans had escaped from the East to the West. From 1949 to 1961, more than three million Germans had escaped from the East to the West. This upset the Soviet Officials in charge of Germany very much. Half of the people escaping East Germany were under 25, and three-quarters were under 45. The people escaping included: 16,000 engineers, 5,000 doctors, dentists, and veterinaries, 1,000 university professors and lecturers, and 15,000 high school and elementary teachers. The