“The endangerment of the Amur Leopard”IntroThe Amur Leopard has been endangered for a few years now. Since this animal isn’tnecessarily the most popular creature, the public isn’t aware of it even being endangered.Thus not many people are doing much about it. The Amur leopard is important ecologically,economically, and culturally. Conserving this leopard will benefit prey like Amur tigerswhich are endangered and deer. Also, Amur leopards' bones are used to make certain types ofmedicine that has been made in Chinese culture for years. I used this particular animalbecause it needs the support since it is critically endangered and not at all mainstream.Awareness about their situation should be raised. Amur leopard are from high elevations likethe mountains of Japan and china. These leopards territory can range from nineteen to ahundred twenty square miles. The Amur leopards have the longest legs of any leopard andthey used them to speed after their prey in their territory. Their prey is usually a roe deer butthey will also eat mouse and pig.The Amur leopard is endangered for a few reasons. Theirhuge lose of land because of logging, forest fires, and land conversion to farming land is themain reason. Other things like prey scarcity, inbreeding, and poaching are smaller factors.Right now there are only 25-40 Amur leopards that remain. The number of cubs of an adultfemale dropped from 1.9 cubs in 1973 to 1 cub in 1991.The Amur leopards have a fewinteresting things about them. Their fur goes from a 2.5cm reddish yellow in the summer to a7cm lighter color. The adult males can weigh in at 120 pounds and the adult female weightmaxes out at about 75 pounds. Although they eat larger animals like deer and wild pigs theyalso eat small rodents like mice. The Amur leopard became endangered in 1994 and
Around the world, big cats are among the most recognized and admired animals, at the top of the food chain. Yet all seven species are listed as Threatened or Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, with the tiger categorized as Endangered. WCS is in a unique position to help—we work to conserve all seven.
In addition to habitat degradation and loss of prey, many of these iconic predators are hunted directly for their fur, bones, or other body parts. They are also threatened by conflicts with people—their need for space leads them to range outside protected areas and to become a real or perceived threat to local people and their livestock.
Ensure stable populations and stable ranges. For tigers and lions, in particular, since they have been subject to such losses, the long-term objective is to support their recovery to sustainable levels.
How will we get there?
- Prevent illegal killing.
- Ensure any hunting of big cats' prey species is legal and sustainable.
- Reduce conflict with humans.
- Ensure connectivity between populations.
We have long-term programs on the ground at 44 landscapes with big cats, covering many of the most important populations. These span 32 countries and three continents.
In early 2015, WCS’s Dr. Ullas Karanth and his team set up camera traps at around 700 locations in southwestern India. The images taken are part of a continuing effort to monitor tigers in the Malenad landscape, which is home to roughly 400 wild tigers, the largest population in the world.
On Our Strategies
Prevent Illegal Killing
With some exceptions, big cats are legally protected from hunting in their home countries. We work with partners to enforce laws through the training of rangers, intelligence networks, and more.
Ensure Any Hunting of Big Cats' Prey Species is Legal and Sustainable
Critical to saving big cats is to conserve their prey. In areas where all hunting is illegal, such as most protected areas, SMART-based patrols by well-trained rangers are effective in maintaining those prey populations. In areas where prey species can be hunted legally, we work with local communities to ensure that it is sustainable.
Reduce Conflict With Humans
For tigers, conflict reduction can involve the voluntary relocation of people living within key tiger reserves. For lions and jaguars, conflict is primarily with livestock. WCS works with communities to change their husbandry practices to reduce the conflict and end retaliatory killings.
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
In India, home to one of the world's largest human populations, the wide-ranging tiger can find itself in conflict with people. From 2001–02, WCS helped in the voluntary resettlement of 457 households from the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary, to reduce the probability of such events. We were vigilant in helping secure a smooth, fair transition for all. The effort remains a model for others undertaking a similar process.
Ensure Connectivity Between Populations
The links between different big cat populations are essential to ensure genetic diversity is maintained. We rely on studies of animal movements to advise governments on the establishment of corridors to connect them. Where those pathways bring big cats into danger, we work with local communities to garner support for the animals' conservation.
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