Linda Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Essay
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1868 marked a proud year for African Americans with the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment to Constitution. It proclaimed that “no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”1 This essentially color blinded government, and granted all citizens (a category which finally included African Americans) what is described in the document as indisputable equality.
While this was a milestone in the progress for Black rights, this seemingly problem-solving legislation for former slaves did not…show more content…
The 1954 court case, Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka ruled that Linda Brown, a black student who was denied admission into her local elementary school on the basis of her race, was in fact a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. A unanimous court decision broke the long tradition of de jure segregation riding on the justification of “separate but equal” facilities. It was Chief Justice Earl Warren’s ruling that finally shed light on the fact that “Separate Educational facilities [were] inherently unequal” and that it resulted in the “deprived protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.”
This crucial decision did not go over smoothly with all Americans. Rather, it heightened tensions and conflicting opinions in the United States. This is exemplified through the Declaration of the Ninety-Six Southern Congressmen’s argument, which stated that Brown vs. Board of Education represented “a clear abuse of judicial power” in that it deepened the authority of the federal judiciary to legislate, while infringing the reserved rights (education being one of those rights) of state sovereignty. This was the general belief of the south since the antebellum and civil war years in regard to the slavery issue.
The Brown vs. Board of Education case represented a step in the right direction for racial
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The Brown versus Board of Education decision was an immense influence on desegregation of schools and a milestone in the movement for equality between the blacks and whites that continues today. The Brown versus Board of Education case was not the first of its type. Since the early 50's, five separate cases were filed dealing with the desegregation of schools. In all but one of these cases, the schools for whites were finer than the schools for the blacks. The black people argued that this situation was not right and unconstitutional (Dudley, 1).
When the civil war ended in 1865, Congress passed the 14th amendment that stated that all people born in the United States are considered…show more content…
In 1911, a group of activists decided to form a group to fight for equality. This group became the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or the NAACP. In 1939 the NAACP set up a branch called the Legal Defense Fund, which worked to end segregation through legal actions. (Good, 16) The LDF took many cases to the Supreme Courts where most rulings were for the NAACP due to the unequal facilities between white and black schools. In 1952, the NAACP had three cases in the Supreme Court, which was rescheduled, to be heard a second time in 1953. By 1953 two more cases had been added and the 5 cases were known as Brown v. Board of Education. These five cases were: Bulah v. Gebhard, Davis v. Prince Edward County, Briggs v. Elliot, Brown v. Board of Education, and Bolling v. Sharpe (Good, 4).
Linda Carol Brown was eight years old in the summer of 1950 when her father was told that Linda wouldn't be able to attend the Sumner Elementary School, in Topeka Kansas, due to her race. When finding this out Reverend Brown, Linda's father teamed up with other black families and sought help from the NAACP. They tried to appeal to the school board, but it didn't help. On February 28th of 1951 the battle begun when Reverend Brown filed his suit in the United States District Court as Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka